Full moon calendar 2022: When to see the following full moon

The subsequent full moon will happen on Sunday, Oct. 9 at 4:55 a.m. EDT (2055 GMT), however the moon will seem full the evening earlier than and after its peak to the informal stargazer. 

The October full moon is also referred to as the Full Hunter’s Moon, so named because it coincided with the annual crop harvest within the Northern Hemisphere. You can even see the complete moon throughout the peak of the Draconids meteor bathe. Jupiter and the moon as additionally shining collectively throughout October’s full moon.

The total moon reveals its face to Earth about as soon as a month. Properly, type of. 

More often than not, the complete moon is not completely full. We at all times see the identical facet of the moon, however a part of it’s in shadow, because of the moon’s rotation. Solely when the moon, Earth and the solar are completely aligned is the moon 100% full, and that alignment produces a lunar eclipse.  

And typically — as soon as in a blue moon — the moon is full twice in a month (or 4 instances in a season, relying on which definition you like). 

You’ll be able to put together for the following full moon or eclipse with our information on the right way to {photograph} a lunar eclipse, in addition to the right way to {photograph} the moon with a camera typically, may help you take advantage of the occasion. Should you want imaging gear, contemplate our greatest cameras for astrophotography and finest lenses for astrophotography to be sure you’re prepared for the following eclipse.

Should you’re in search of binoculars or a telescope to watch the moon, try our guides for the finest binoculars and finest telescopes.

Associated: Night time sky, September 2022: What you’ll be able to see (opens in new tab) 

When is the complete moon? Calendar dates for 2022

That is when full moons will happen in 2022, in keeping with NASA:

Date Identify U.S. Japanese Time GMT
January 17 Wolf Moon 6:48 p.m. 23:48
February 16 Snow Moon 11:57 a.m. 16:57
March 18 Worm Moon 3:17 am. 07:17
April 16 Pink Moon 2:55 p.m. 18:55
Could 16 Flower Moon 12:14 a.m. 04:14
June 14 Strawberry Moon 7:52 a.m. 11:52
July 13 Buck Moon 2:37 p.m. 18:37
August 11 Sturgeon Moon 9:36 p.m. 01:36 Aug. 12
September 10 Harvest Moon 5:59 a.m. 09:59
October 9 Hunter’s Moon 4:55 p.m. 20:55
November 8 Beaver Moon 6:02 a.m. 11:02
December 7 Chilly Moon 11:08 p.m. 4:08 (Dec. 8)

The 2022 full moon names defined

Many cultures have given distinct names to every month’s full moon. The names had been utilized to your entire month through which every occurred. The Farmer’s Almanac (opens in new tab) lists a number of names which can be generally utilized in america. There are some variations within the moon names, however typically, the identical ones had been used among the many Algonquin tribes from New England on west to Lake Superior. European settlers adopted their very own customs and created a few of their very own names.

Different Native American folks had totally different names. Within the guide “This Day in North American Indian Historical past (opens in new tab)” (Da Capo Press, 2002), creator Phil Konstantin lists greater than 50 native peoples and their names for full moons. He additionally lists them on his web site, AmericanIndian.internet (opens in new tab).

Novice astronomer Keith Cooley has a quick record of the moon names of different cultures (opens in new tab), together with Chinese language and Celtic, on his web site. 

Chinese language moon names:

Month Identify Month Identify
January Vacation Moon July Hungry Ghost Moon
February Budding Moon August Harvest Moon
March Sleepy Moon September Chrysanthemum Moon
April Peony Moon October Kindly moon
Could Dragon Moon November White Moon
June Lotus Moon December Bitter Moon

Full moon names typically correspond to seasonal markers, so a Harvest Moon happens on the finish of the rising season, in September or October, and the Chilly Moon happens in frosty December. A minimum of, that is the way it works within the Northern Hemisphere.

Within the Southern Hemisphere, the place the seasons are switched, the Harvest Moon happens in March and the Chilly Moon is in June. Based on Earthsky.org (opens in new tab), these are frequent names for full moons south of the equator.

January: Hay Moon, Buck Moon, Thunder Moon, Mead Moon
February (mid-summer): Grain Moon, Sturgeon Moon, Purple Moon, Wyrt Moon, Corn Moon, Canine Moon, Barley Moon
March: Harvest Moon, Corn Moon
April: Harvest Moon, Hunter’s Moon, Blood Moon
Could: Hunter’s Moon, Beaver Moon, Frost Moon
June: Oak Moon, Chilly Moon, Lengthy Night time’s Moon
July: Wolf Moon, Previous Moon, Ice Moon
August: Snow Moon, Storm Moon, Starvation Moon, Wolf Moon
September: Worm Moon, Lenten Moon, Crow Moon, Sugar Moon, Chaste Moon, Sap Moon
October: Egg Moon, Fish Moon, Seed Moon, Pink Moon, Waking Moon
November: Corn Moon, Milk Moon, Flower Moon, Hare Moon
December: Strawberry Moon, Honey Moon, Rose Moon 

The phases of the moon defined with dates

The moon phases and dates for September 2022. (Picture credit score: NASA/JPL-Caltech)

The moon is a sphere that travels as soon as round Earth each 27.3 days. It additionally takes about 27 days for the moon to rotate on its axis. So, the moon at all times reveals us the identical face; there isn’t any single “darkish facet” of the moon. Because the moon revolves round Earth, it’s illuminated from various angles by the solar — what we see after we take a look at the moon is mirrored daylight. On common, the moon rises about 50 minutes later every day, which suggests typically it rises throughout daylight and different instances at evening.

There are 4 phases of the moon, new moon, first quarter moon, full moon and third quarter moon.

At new moon, the moon is between Earth and the solar, in order that the facet of the moon dealing with towards us receives no direct daylight, and is lit solely by dim daylight mirrored from Earth.

A number of days later, because the moon strikes round Earth, the facet we are able to see regularly turns into extra illuminated by direct daylight. This skinny sliver is known as the waxing crescent.

Every week after the brand new moon, the moon is 90 levels away from the solar within the sky and is half-illuminated from our perspective — what we name first quarter as a result of it’s a couple of quarter of the best way round Earth.

A number of days later, the realm of illumination continues to extend. Greater than half of the moon’s face seems to be getting daylight. This part is known as a waxing gibbous moon.

When the moon has moved 180 levels from its new moon place, the solar, Earth and the moon type a line. The moon’s disk is as shut as it may be to being absolutely illuminated by the solar, so that is known as full moon.

Subsequent, the moon strikes till greater than half of its face seems to be getting daylight, however the quantity is lowering. That is the waning gibbous part.

Days later, the moon has moved one other quarter of the best way round Earth, to the third quarter place. The solar’s gentle is now shining on the opposite half of the seen face of the moon.

Subsequent, the moon strikes into the waning crescent part as lower than half of its face seems to be getting daylight, and the quantity is lowering.

Lastly, the moon strikes again to its new moon beginning place. As a result of the moon’s orbit shouldn’t be precisely in the identical aircraft as Earth’s orbit across the solar, they not often are completely aligned. Often the moon passes above or under the solar from our vantage level, however often it passes proper in entrance of the solar, and we get an eclipse of the solar.

Every full moon is calculated to happen at an actual second, which can or will not be close to the time the moon rises the place you’re. So when a full moon rises, it’s usually doing so some hours earlier than or after the precise time when it’s technically full, however an off-the-cuff skywatcher received’t discover the distinction. Actually, the moon will typically look roughly the identical on two consecutive nights surrounding the complete moon.

Lunar eclipses of 2022

Lunar eclipses are inextricably tied to the complete moon. 

When the moon is in its full part, it’s passing behind the Earth with respect the solar and may move by way of Earth’s shadow, making a lunar eclipse. When the moon is absolutely contained in the Earth’s shadow, we see a complete lunar eclipse. At different instances, the moon solely partially passes by way of the Earth’s shadow in what is named a partial, and even penumbral lunar eclipse (when the moon solely skirts by way of the outermost area of Earth’s shadow). 

In 2022, there are two lunar eclipses: A complete lunar eclipse on Could 16  and a complete lunar eclipse on Nov. 8

The entire lunar eclipse of Could 16 was be seen throughout North and South America, Europe and Africa. It started at 9:32 p.m. EDT (0132 GMT) and lasted about 5 hours and 18 minutes, in keeping with NASA’s Eclipse web site (opens in new tab). The eclipse peaked at 12:12 a.m. EDT (0412 on Could 17 GMT).

The entire lunar eclipse of Nov. 8 can be seen throughout Asia, Australia, the Pacific Ocean and the Americas. It is going to start at 3:02 a.m. EST (0802 GMT) and final about 5 hours, 53 minutes, with totality lasting 1 hour, 24 minutes, in keeping with NASA. It is going to peak at 6 a.m. EST (1100 GMT).

As a result of the moon’s orbit across the Earth is tilted, it doesn’t line up with Earth’s shadow each month and we would not have a lunar eclipse every month.

Photo voltaic eclipses of 2022

When the moon is in its “new” part, it passing between the Earth and the solar, so the facet dealing with the Earth seems darkish.  

Sometimes, the moon’s orbit traces up with the solar in such away that half or the entire solar may be blocked by the moon, as seen from Earth. When the moon utterly blocks the solar’s disk, we see a complete photo voltaic eclipse throughout the day, which generally is a actually awe-inspiring website. Different instances, the moon can solely partially block the solar in a partial photo voltaic eclipse. 

The moon may even create a “ring of fireside” photo voltaic eclipse when it passes instantly in entrance the solar, however is at a degree in its orbit that’s too removed from Earth to totally cowl the solar’s disk. This leaves a hoop, or “annulus,” across the moon to create what is known as an annular photo voltaic eclipse. 

There are two photo voltaic eclipses in 2022: a partial photo voltaic eclipse on April 30 and a partial photo voltaic eclipse on Oct. 25

The partial photo voltaic eclipse of April 30 was seen from components of the southeastern Pacific Ocean and southern South America. It started at 2:45 p.m. EDT (1845 GMT) and ended at 6:37 p.m. EDT (2237 GMT), in keeping with NASA’s photo voltaic eclipse web page (opens in new tab).

The partial photo voltaic eclipse of Oct. 25 can be seen from components of Europe, northeast Africa, the Center East and western Asia. It is going to start at 4:58 a.m. EST (0858 GMT) and finish at 9:02 a.m. EST (1302 GMT).

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