Of the 30 area missions to efficiently fly by or orbit Venus to this point, greater than one-third have been a part of the previous Soviet Union’s Venera collection of robotic probes.
Launched between 1961 and 1983, the Venera (or “Venus” in Russian”) missions have been targeted on finding out the second planet from our solar. Of the 28 spacecraft launched, 13 entered the Venusian environment and eight efficiently touched down on the floor.
The Soviet program set a number of firsts, together with the primary probe to descend into the environment of a planet aside from Earth; the primary spacecraft to make a smooth touchdown on one other planet; and the primary missions to return photos and sounds from the floor of one other planet.
Roscosmos, Russia’s federal area company, is now growing the primary new Venera mission for the reason that fall of the Soviet Union. Venera-D, focused for launch in 2029, would come with an orbiter and a lander and function a mannequin for future missions to Venus.
Click on by the slideshow to be taught all concerning the Venera probes and their discoveries.